Poultry disease prevention and treatment ( part 2 ) by Dr / Sayed elghamrysalwa
The keys to a successful reduction in the spread of poultry diseases
1- Choose the chick carefully and carefully, and it should be examined at the age of one day to ensure that it is free of etiology Diseases, which are transmitted vertically by hatching eggs, especially salmonella, and to be a good strain with high production and high transformative efficiency, as the yield depends largely on Quality chick jam.
2- Good, balanced and complete food in all the nutrients that the bird needs, free of Mycotoxins are essential and important in building and maintaining the body, and in rebuilding what it contains tissue, as well as disease resistance and prevention of malnutrition diseases
3- Bio-security requirements are a well-known fact that whatever the quality of the chick or the fodder The user, the breeder cannot achieve good results under poor management of the farm, especially with regard to By caring for birds, protecting them from diseases and not applying bio-security requirements
They can be summarized as follows:
In the event that the temperature in the amber rises above the optimum limits, this increases the respiratory rate and it gets worse if we know that birds do not have sweat glands to get rid of excess heat from their bodies by evaporation, which leads to an increase in the consumption of water by birds, which consequently leads to :
Increase the moisture of the mattress and the amber, and the resulting pathological problems, and in the end, this led to thermal stress, the inability of the bird to regulate its body temperature, and the occurrence of retention thermal and mortality.
Breeding birds with more density than the optimum number of units per unit leads to crowding and reducing birds of its movements, and it prevents weak birds from obtaining food and water, which is a percentage of gas Ammonia with amber, which causes poor resistance to bird disease, as well as the appearance Predators among birds.
The constant ventilation and regeneration of amber air is an important factor for the success of the breeding program, as it is produced as a result of lack of good ventilation, there is an increase in ammonia gas in amber, which results from the degradation of poultry blue.It causes respiratory problems for birds and its lack of vitality and appetite for food, as well as this leads to a high rate.Amber humidity and increased disease predisposing factors also expose birds to currents.Cold air increased the common cold, caused by respiratory infections, as well as few Growth rates and poor productivity.
Leads to high humidity in farmThe result is from any of the previous reasons, to an inabilityPoultry get rid of the excessive heat burden in their bodies, which leads to weaker warming, Thermal and mortality. It also leads to poor resistance to poultry devices and preparing them with microbes.High ability to reproduce in this environment, especially coccidiosis, which appears and spreads quickly in this case.
There are many other factors that cause stress on birds, which in turn affect Growth rates and transformative efficiency, preparing poultry for diseases such as: hunger, thirst and beak trimming.Transport of birds and vaccination with live vaccines.